History of the word “Beer”

With summer in full force and hot day after hot day, we think that the time is just right to pay some attention to one of the most preferred ways to keep cool – beer.

It is worth to mention that according to historians, the roots of beer can be traced 6000 years back to ancient Sumerian tribes, who even had a goddess of beer, named Ninkasi.

As for the English word, naming that beverage, it is believed to come from the Latin verb bibere (to drink) – today most Western European (and some Eastern European, too) languages use a form similar to beer. In some Spanish and Portuguese dialects beer is called cerveza, after the Latin cerevisia. The common name for beer in most Slavic languages is pivo, meaning 'beverage'. As for the other English word for beer – ale, it is older but disappeared from the language soon after the Norman Conquest and reappeared later in history to distinct hopped malt beverages.

We bet you didn't know that. Cheers!

Tourism and Translation

Being in the heat of the holiday season made us want to share a few thoughts on tourism and translation.

Undoubtedly the best way for tour operators, travel agencies, hotels, etc. to have a successful tourism business is to make their clients and guests feel at home. This is where translation comes in hand. The first step to attract customers is the translation of travel & tourism materials – brochures, pamphlets, itineraries, guides etc. as well as (if possible) translation and localization of your website. And professional interpretation services can only add quality to the provided tourism services.
Read more ...

Two common localization misconceptions

Localization = Translation
Localization is so much more than just a translation. The rapid development of technology in the last decade has lead to significant change in the field of translation. Many new formats have become standard for software applications (such as XML, Java, HTML etc.) At the same time companies have introduced more and more elaborate work methods for first class quality solutions, including different software, hardware and the latest scientific and technical advancements. The translators are expected to know not only their languages, but also to have a grasp in technology, coding and file formats, because every error prolongs the time for completing the order. Clients need to know that the efforts for a delivering quality localization service are substantial and do not require only translation professional, but also an engineer who can ensure that your product will be processed with the required competence. Read more ...

The Olympic Translator

All eyes are on London as the 2012 Summer Olympics are held there now. Moreover, the cosmopolitan city welcomed participants from 216 countries, as well as thousands of tourists, who went there to become part of the amazing Olympic spirit. This is exactly a situation where translation services can be very, very handy.

That is why professor Giovanni Tata from Brigham Young University in Utah, USA, has developed a special mobile application. The free app, called London2012 Translator took almost three years to be finished and the key idea with it is to be a useful and reliable tool for connecting people. Read more ...

Characteristics of Translation Service Standard EN 15038:2006. Advantages for translation service providers and benefits for customers from its application.

Standard EN 15038 which was adopted in 2006 by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) lays down the framework for compliance of translation services with the main requirements which all respected companies operating in the field of translation should follow and even surpass if possible. This European standard lays down requirements for translation service providers (TSP) regarding human and technical resources, quality and project management, contractual framework and procedures, though it has to be noted that interpretation services fall outside its scope.
In order to obtain a certificate for compliance with the above-mentioned standard an independent certifying company should audit the TSP. In the course of each audit the following characteristics are considered:

1. Human resources (the organizational structure of the TSP, human resource management, types of positions, competence and professional qualification, selection procedures, responsibilities and duties related to each working position, etc.).

2. Technical resources (IT infrastructure, network and application support, ensuring an uninterrupted working process, creating and maintaining backup copies, access to sources and means of information, means to implement translation projects, providing server and desktop applications, etc.). Read more ...

Notes on websites localization

In a world that's becoming more and more tightly connected through Internet, the localization service for websites is playing increasingly important role in developing a successful business. Localization is in its essence a multilayered process and translation is only part of it. It has several basic components, some of which are:
• language
• tone
• pictures
• colours
• symbols
• content
• navigation etc.
Read more ...

Languages in numbers

According to a study, published on Ethnologue.com in 2009, currently there are 6909 spoken languages on Earth. Here’s the list of the most widely spoken ones:

1.      Chinese — 1 213 million speakers

2.      Spanish — 329 million speakers

3.      English — 328 million speakers

4.      Arabic — 221 million speakers

5.      Hindi — 182 million speakers

6.      Bengali — 181 million speakers

7.      Portuguese — 178 million speakers

8.      Russian — 144 million speakers

9.      Japanese — 122 million speakers

10.  German (Standard) — 90,3 million speakers

11.  Javanese — 84,6 million speakers

12.  Lahnda — 78,3 million speakers

13.  Telugu — 69,8 million speakers

14.  Vietnamese — 68,6 million speakers

15.  Marathi — 68,1 million speakers

There are more than 170 languages spoken than more than 3 million people. Bulgarian is placed under number 83.

The name of the game

Nowadays Europe's all about football, so we decided to join the sport fever by digging up some information for the name of that sport.
As you all know, football is an English invention. But probably not many of you know, but soccer is actually the original term for this sport. According to some legends that word soccer was invented in 1863 by an Oxford student who used the term to describe the sport he preferred.
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How it happens — the phases of a translation process

No matter whether it is a small document or major international project, every translation goes through three phases which are equally important for the performance of a quality translation service. Here we'll take a brief look at what happens with your order during every stage of the translation process.

The first phase includes the translation itself. Literally, that means converting your document or any kind of text from the source language to the target language. In dependence of the specifics of the translated text, sometimes that step may include help from a CAT tool.
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Translation of medical documentation — essential information

Translation of medical documentation
Medical documentation is related with something very important — health. That is why it is of major importance that translation of such documentation is performed accurate and on the necessary level. Our job is to give certainty to our clients that the information they need is translated precise and correct.
In order to ensure quality performance of the translation of medical documentation, arte.doc works only with translators who are fit for that kind of tasks.
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